Proposed: Five and Dime CHAP District
The proposed Five & Dime local historic district is comprised of a wide variety of commercial structures in the heart of Baltimore’s historic retail district. The proposed district is part of the larger Market Center National Register Historic District, which is home to large department stores, banking centers, theaters and restaurants. This commercial district developed in the mid-19th century and by the end of the 19th century it was home to many of Baltimore’s large department stores. Much of the building stock within the proposed Five & Dime local historic district transitioned from residential to commercial in the mid-late 19th century. The district housed a variety of warehouses and some early discount and wholesale stores.
In the early 20th century, as shopping tastes changed, this block became home to a variety of “five and dime” stores, like McCrory’s, Schulte-United, Woolworth’s and Brager-Gutmans. Remodeled, or new, purpose-built, 2-4 story commercial buildings were erected on this block, with wider street frontages and modern storefronts. The district features a wide variety of architecture designed by prominent Baltimore architects, including Charles E. Cassell, Henry F. Brauns, Smith and May, John Freund Jr., and Simonson and Peitsch.
In the 1950s, this district played a major role in the desegregation of public accommodations. Protests and sit-ins led by CORE, students from Morgan, and other groups desegregated lunch counters and helped to open store services to all patrons.